History of Knives- Stone Age

Stone Age
The first knives used were created by simply fracturing rock- a new fracture being sharper then the original weather worn edge. Any broken rock can be used as a knife but some rocks were favored over others. Flint, chert, greenstone, and jasper were valued as materials that were extremely strong and held an edge for a relatively long time. Obsidian was valued for its keen glass-like edge, but less useful for some things because it is so brittle. other stones with more of a sandy quality were used like rasps rather then knives but were still important tools.

9c138b_2140fe2814a5f7166a49092e4315b427.png_srz_183_78_75_22_0.50_1.20_0

Although a basic flake of rock can be used for a variety of purposes, as time wore on people began shaping rocks for specific uses- arrowheads, axes, matates, and knife and spear points. Rocks were shaped by a process called knapping- breaking small pieces of stone away from the core with a hammerstone. The flakes could then be pressure flaked with a small harder stone or antler into balanced knives, arrowheads or spears.

Unknown-2

Knapping takes a long time to learn to do well- The skill is kept alive today by a few hands on anthropologists and archeologists, survivalists, and hobbyists, but was used commercially up until 1947 to make strikers for flintlock firearms.

stone_tools

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s